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Diseases and Pests

Varroa Mites

Small Hive Beetle


Tracheal Mites

Wax Moth



There are many different types of bee medication options and it can often be confusing which medication to use. The chart below provides basic information about the available medications and their uses. By no means are these directions on how to treat your bees, but rather just a guide to help you. Please read and follow the directions provided on the labels.

MedicationUsesApplicationTreatment periodNotes
Oxalic AcidVarroaSolution Method: Trickle 5ml of solution (35g of Oxalic with 1L of 1:1 sugar water) directly onto each occupied bee with syringe.

Vaporizer Method: Following manufacturer’s instructions, place 1g powdered form into vaporizer and insert vaporizer into entrance of sealed hive. Apply heat until all Oxalic Acid has sublimated.

Spraying Package Bees: Spray Package with mixture of 35g Oxalic with 1L of 1:1 ratio sugar water.
Most effective early Spring or late Fall when there is little to no Brood in the hive. Remove Honey Supers during treatment. Honey supers that come in contact with Oxalic during treatment cannot be harvested.
Api Life VARVarroaBreak one wafer into 4 pieces and place on the corners of the brood nest. Apply 3 times every 7-10 days30 day treatment. Temperatures must be between 64-95ºSupers can be installed after treatment but cannot be harvested for 30 days.
MiteAway Quick StripVarroaApply two strips near the edges of the brood box.7 days. Daytime temperatures must be 50-92 ºTreatment can be done with honey supers on the hive. Strips are compostible.
ApiVarVarroa mites Hang one strip per every 5 frames of brood. Typically 2 strips per hive Anytime when the bees are able to move about the hive. Not suitable during honey flow. Supers can be installed 2 weeks after treatment.
ApistanVarroa mitesHang 2 strips in the brood nest for 45 daysAnytime when the bees are able to move about the hive. Not suitable during a honey flow.Supers can be installed after treatment. There are pockets of resistance to the active ingredient, so make sure the treatment is working
CheckmiteVarroa and Small Hive Beetle

For Varroa, hang 2 strips in the middle of the brood nest for 45 days.

For SHB, staple a half a strip to corrugated plastic and place it strip down on the back of the bottom board

Anytime when the bees are able to move about the hive. Not suitable during a honey flow.Supers cannot be installed for 2 weeks after treatment. Pockets of resistance. Unavailable due to EPA registration.
Fumagilin-BNosemaMixed with sugar water and feed to the bees. Dosage is different for spring and fall. Cannot be feed during or right before honey flow.Affective against N. apis and N. carenae
TerramycinAmerican FoulbroodThe top bars dusted following the outline of the brood nest 3 times on a 4-5 day interval.Must be removed 6 weeks prior to honey flow. Pockets of resistance. Once you start using, it is best if you continue using on a regular basis. In 2013 the USDA implemented a plan to phase out medically important antibiotics in animals such as Terramycin.
MentholTracheal mites50 grams of menthol is applied over the brood nest for 28 days. Day time highs should be over 70 ºSupers cannot be added for 14 days after treatment
GardStarSmall Hive BeetleApplied to the ground around the hive(s) in 16”-24” wide bandSummer treatment when SHB larva are leaving the hive to pupate.Should be applied in the evening when bees are not flying.